How you measure matters: defining social capital in drought-prone areas
Session Number: 1025
Track: Disaster & Emergency Management Evaluation
Session Type: Expert Lecture
Tags: "hard to reach" populations, Community Health and Wellbeing, disasters, food security, social capital, West Africa
First Author or Discussion Group Leader: Sofia Curdumi Pendley [Clinical Assistant Professor - Sacred Heart University]
Time: Nov 15, 2019 (10:30 AM - 11:15 AM)
Room: CC 101 A
Audience Level: All Audiences
Session Abstract (150 words):
Social capital is important when assessing an individual’s ability to withstand shocks and stressors. However, challenges remain in its operationalization. The goal of this study is to compare different evidence-based approaches to characterize social capital within the context of Burkina Faso and Niger.
A literature review identified four methods as the most-used for characterizing social capital. For this study, a secondary analysis of data from a representative cross-sectional survey of 2,492 households was completed. Social capital was categorized using each of the four identified methods to evaluate the association between categorization method and food security. This was done first by examining the semipartial R2 and then conducting ordinal logistical regression.
Latent class analysis was identified as the most appropriate method for social capital operationalization in this population. Regression analysis demonstrated having high social capital was positively associated with being more food secure (p<0.01).
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