Evaluation 2018: Speaking Truth to Power

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WASH and Learn: Using Systems Thinking to Improve the Sustainability of WASH Service Provision

Session Number: 2610
Track: Systems in Evaluation
Session Type: Multipaper
Tags: International development, international development evaluation, Network Analysis, social network analysis, systems approaches, Systems Thinking, water and sanitation
Session Chair: Rich Fromer [Managing Director - LINC LLC]
Presenter 1: Megan McDermott [Program Associate - LINC LLC]
Presenter 2: Rich Fromer [Managing Director - LINC LLC]
Presenter 3: Megan McDermott [Program Associate - LINC LLC]
Presentation 3 Additional Author: Kimberly Ellen Pugel [Graduate Researcher - University of Colorado, Boulder]
Presentation 3 Additional Author: Amy Javernick-Will [Associate Professor - University of Colorado Boulder]
Presentation 3 Additional Author: Elizabeth Jordan [University of Colorado]
Time: Nov 02, 2018 (11:30 AM - 12:15 PM)
Room: Hilton - Superior Ballroom C

Abstract 1 Title: Using Network Analysis to Improve the Sustainability of WASH Service Provision in Ethiopia
Presentation Abstract 1:

This paper discusses three network analyses conducted with networks of WASH service providers in three districts in Ethiopia. In each of these locales, organizations ((NGOs, public institutions, academic institutions, and private sector) providing or contributing to the provision of WASH services were identified to participate in a local ‘Learning Alliance’. These Learning Alliances are intended to increase collaboration and knowledge sharing among stakeholders for improved efficiency, effectiveness, and sustainability of local WASH services. The objective of this organizational network analysis was to understand the current relationships among the organizations to inform Learning Alliance goals, activities, and structures, and to provide a baseline for tracking changes in the network over time.


Presentation 1 Other Authors: Matthew Guttentag (Program Director, LINC)
Abstract 2 Title: Using Network Analysis to Improve Collaboration Towards National WASH Objectives in Cambodia
Presentation Abstract 2:

This paper presents the initial findings from a study of the stakeholder relationships and key success factors for the Rural Sanitation and Hygiene (RuSH) subsector towards achieving the Government of Cambodia’s 2025 RuSH sector vision. The RuSH subsector faces significant challenges to achieving this vision. Current coordination efforts tend to involve a core group of NGOs and government, without significant engagement of private sector and many other traditional actors in the sector. LINC led a baseline analysis of subsector actors working at the National level (we refer to this informal group as the RuSH Network), in order to generate shared understanding, inspire discussions and support coordinated actions that will accelerate progress toward the sector vision. The analysis explores relationships in the RuSH Network and the inter-relationship of various success factors and barriers to achieving the sector vision.


Presentation 2 Other Authors: Scott Yetter (LINC), Lyn McLennan (WaterSHED), Janita Bartell (WaterSHED), Chhoun Nareth (WaterSHED)
Abstract 3 Title: Aligning Actors Towards a Common Goal Using Network Analysis: A Comparative Study of WASH Networks in Ethiopia and Cambodia
Presentation Abstract 3:

Collaborative partnerships are encouraged and often mandated by donor agencies, as they are assumed to be a viable solution for addressing complex problems that cannot be solved by a single entity. A core component of collaborative partnerships is the need for alignment. This research employs a network perspective to visualize the extent of alignment of perspectives of actors in an interorganizational network. SNA questionnaires were conducted in combination with semi-structured interviews that asked respondents within a partnership about their priorities for addressing sustainable water service delivery. The authors qualitatively analyzed the interviews using emergent coding and grounded theory methodology. This analysis resulted in a representation of the perspectives of each actor, which were assigned as attributes to each actor node. Overlaying interview data with the network helps to visualize alignment of the partnership toward a shared common goal, or differences in perspectives that need to be addressed.


Audience Level: All Audiences

Session Abstract (150 words): 

The purpose of this session is to provide a discussion of the utility of systems thinking and the application of Organizational Network Analysis (ONA) for promoting and measuring sustainability in the Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) sector through different approaches. This session brings together three papers from five consortium partners around research methods and preliminary results from two ONAs conducted under the USAID-funded Sustainable Wash Systems (SWS) project. The presentation will focus on how members of each WASH network currently interact with each other, the implications of this information on improving local network sustainability, and a comparison of results between two cases (including four separate locales) to understand the broader application of and implications for using Network Analysis to evaluate and improve network coordination in a variety of WASH contexts.



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Cancellation Policy: Refunds less a $50 fee will be granted for requests received in writing prior to 11:59 PM EDT October 8, 2018. Email cancellation requests to registration@eval.org. All refunds are processed after the meeting. After October 8, 2018 all sales are final. For Evaluation 2018, international attendees and presenters who encounter complications due to the international travel environment will have up to 30 days after the event to request a refund and submit appropriate documentation. No administrative fee will apply for the international requests.