Youths Speaking Truth to Power in Nigeria, Chicago, California, and Hawaii: Contexts for Empowerment and Culturally Responsive Evaluation
Session Number: 1890
Track: Youth Focused Evaluation
Session Type: Panel
Tags: participatory evaluation, youth-focused evaluation
Session Chair: Arthur E Hernandez [Professor - University of the Incarnate Word]
Discussant: Arthur E Hernandez [Professor - University of the Incarnate Word]
Presenter 1: A. Christson Adeoluwa Adedoyin, Associate Professor [Associate Professor of Social Work - Samford University, School of Public Health, Department of Social Work]
Presenter 2: Asma M Ali, PhD [Founder and Principal Consultant - AA & Associates, LLC]
Presenter 3: Noe Ruben Chavez [Assistant Professor - Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science]
Presenter 4: Jacqueline Ng-Osorio [Faculty Specialist, Assessment Coordinator - University of Hawaii at Manoa]
Time: Nov 01, 2018 (03:45 PM - 04:45 PM)
Room: CC - 26C
Abstract 1 Title: A Retrospective Evaluation of Youth-Driven Abstinence Education to Mitigate HIV/AIDs in Africa
Presentation Abstract 1:
The incidence of HIV/AIDS among teenagers in sub-Saharan Africa was astronomically high in the late 1990s, and at the beginning of the new millennium. To address the HIV/AIDS pandemic decimating young people many strategies were proposed including abstinence and character-based education. This study discusses a retrospective evaluation of youth participatory/empowerment approach utilized among middle and high school students in South-West Nigeria to mitigate the epidemic of HIV/AIDS among young people between 2002-2005. Discussions will focus on culturally sensitive strategies deployed by youth-driven research interventions that included the acknowledgment and reverence for cultural and religious barriers to discussing sex education, securing and enlisting cultural consultants and gatekeepers to approve youth-led abstinence and character education programs, and outputs. Implications for culturally responsive evaluation and lessons will be expatiated.
Abstract 2 Title: Placeworx: Youth Participation in Urban Planning and Design
Presentation Abstract 2:
Although young people’s involvement in urban planning and design projects may be choreographed into programs, the design projects themselves are likely to have specific pre-determined goals and outcomes previously defined by adults (Hall 2002). Young people are seldom consulted directly about weighty neighborhood concerns (i.e. affordable housing creation, economic development initiatives, health care access) although these decisions have significant impacts on the physical form of the neighborhood and impact quality of life for all residents. In many instances, planning agencies and community development organizations fail to establish a proactive strategy to incorporate youth voices into wider community planning processes. These problems are exacerbated because adults involved perceive youth in urban communities as lacking in technical expertise and communication skills. This presentation highlights lesson learned from community youth in urban planning program and design program designed to promote youth voices in a rapidly gentrifying Chicago neighborhood.
Abstract 3 Title: Empowering Underrepresented Youth in a Multisectoral Coalition: Bridging Cultures
Presentation Abstract 3:
Youth participatory action research (YPAR) focuses on empowering predominantly underserved youth to develop the research and advocacy/action identities and competencies to promote social justice. The proposed presentation shares the first-person perspective of the presenter regarding lessons learned from collaborating in a multisectoral coalition to implement a YPAR project in two underserved Southern California neighborhoods. The multisectoral coalition was part of the Spreading Community Accelerators through Learning and Evaluation (SCALE) initiative of the Institute for Healthcare Improvement, with the purpose of building community-capacity for health equity and cultural responsive evaluation. The presenter is a Mexican-American community psychologist playing a leadership role in communication between the coalition and SCALE evaluators. The presenter will share the challenges and lessons learned from: a) the application of YPAR with high school underrepresented youth, b) integrating diverse perspectives of researchers and grassroots community partners, and c) the outcome of evaluating the work with a cultural/equity lens.
Abstract 4 Title: Engaging Indigenous Adolescents to Share Their Stories of Their Communities and How It Relates to Healthy Living
Presentation Abstract 4:
Neighborhood communities and school communities are influential to adolescents in providing barriers or resources to engage in healthy living choices. And not all of these are created equally. To better understand the perspective of Indigenous adolescents, Photovoice was implemented to determine the barriers and strengths of the adolescents’ communities. By providing the students the opportunity to share their perspective through their photographs and in a focus group, they were able to share their insights from the communities where they live. This method was culturally relevant as the pictures were able to tell a story, and stories (mo’olelo) are a way for Native Hawaiians to share lessons. A focus of the research was on Native Hawaiian identification; this allowed for discussion on identity and culture. By focusing on the adolescents it provided a voice to those who are not always heard, and gave them confidence that they could make change happen.
Audience Level: All Audiences
Session Abstract (150 words):
Youth participatory action research (YPAR) is increasingly recognized as a powerful research strategy to engage, and mobilize the creative energies of youths globally to catalyze change and develop culturally responsive and sustainable programs. This panel presents four YPAR driven projects in an African country and three regions in the United States. The first presentation shares a youth-driven HIV preventive intervention from South-West Nigeria. The second presentation discusses a photovoice intervention that showcases engaging indigenous adolescents in Hawaii in healthy living choices. The third presentation examines lessons learned from a multisectoral youth coalition on community-capacity building for health equity in Southern California. The last presentation discusses engaging youths as evaluators and active participants in decision-making for neighborhood planning in Chicago. Each presentation will elucidate best practices in YPAR and practical tools on how youths have been empowered for speaking truth to power from a culturally responsive evaluation lens.
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