Evaluation 2017: From Learning to Action

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Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking: Filling the M&E Gaps for Effective Interventions

Session Number: 3063
Track: International and Cross Cultural Evaluation
Session Type: Panel
Tags: "hard to reach" populations, human rights, International and Cross Cultural Evaluat
Session Chair: Beth Ann Rabinovich [Senior Study Director - Westat]
Discussant: Davina Durgana [Senior Researcher and Statistician - Walk Free Foundation]
Presenter 1: Beth Ann Rabinovich [Senior Study Director - Westat]
Presenter 2: Rachael Jackson [Strategic Information and Research Specialist]
Presenter 3: Kavi Ramburn [Monitoring, Learning, and Evaluation Officer - Free the Slaves]
Presenter 4: Bismark Nii Kwatei Quartey [Country Program Manager]
Presenter 5: Yuki Lo, Freedom Fund [Senior Research and Evaluation Officer - Freedom Fund]
Presentation 1 Additional Author: Jane Sigmon [U.S. Department of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons]
Presentation 1 Additional Author: Karen Jane Allen, MPH, LCSW [Evaluation Coordinator - US Dept of State, Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons]
Presentation 2 Additional Author: Andrea Parks [Director of Strategic Information - International Justice Mission]
Presentation 2 Additional Author: Michele Lee [Aftercare Specialist - International Justice Mission]
Presentation 2 Additional Author: Lisa Slavovsky [Aftercare Specialist, Africa - International Justice Mission]
Presentation 3 Additional Author: Karen Snyder [Snyder Consulting]
Time: Nov 10, 2017 (08:00 AM - 09:30 AM)
Room: Taft

Abstract 1 Title: Results of the Baseline Assessment of the Child Protection Compact Partnership between the U.S. and Ghana
Presentation Abstract 1:

This paper will present the results of the baseline assessment of the Child Protection Compact Partnership between the U.S. and Ghana, implemented in 2016, to counter child trafficking.  The assessment focused on the three target regions and two comparison regions. During two site visits, evaluators conducted interviews with national, regional, and district level officials, visits to shelters, and document reviews.  The evaluators collected data on procedures to deal with victims of child trafficking, including standard operating procedures and referral mechanisms.  Additionally, they collected statistics on estimates of child trafficking in 2015 (e.g., number of rescued, sheltered, reintegrated, and re-trafficked children) and well as statistics on investigations, prosecutions, and convictions of traffickers. The results showed a need for strengthening procedures and mechanisms for dealing with child trafficking on both the national and local levels as well as the need to develop a uniform data collection system for monitoring and evaluation.

Abstract 2 Title: A Presentation of Validation Methods and Results of a Tool to Measure Restoration Outcomes for Survivors of Human Trafficking
Presentation Abstract 2:

International Justice Mission (IJM) developed the Aftercare Successful Outcomes (ASO) form, an innovative tool that measures the restoration of survivors of violent crimes such as trafficking into commercial sexual or labour exploitation. The tool measures the survivor’s current level of functioning based on domains proven critical to restoration: protection, mental wellbeing and trauma recovery, economic empowerment and education, support system, housing and health. Each domain is scored on a scale from one to four and weighted based on level of importance for restoration. Between 2015-2017, IJM conducted an extensive internal and external validation study to test internal consistency, statistical reliability, applicability across country contexts, user-friendliness with varying professional levels of administrators, and cultural competence. The study covers roughly 20 countries and nearly 40 organizational field testers and expert reviewers. This presentation will explain the tool and outcomes from its use worldwide, as well as the results from the validation efforts.

Abstract 3 Title: Demonstrating a Community-Based Approach for Ending Modern Slavery
Presentation Abstract 3:

Free the Slaves (FTS) uses a community-based model for fighting modern slavery in six countries.  The theory of change explains that strengthening community resistance and resilience reduces new cases of slavery, liberates those in slavery and yields sustained declines in the prevalence of slavery.  Over the 2014-2016 period, FTS collected information on a set of knowledge and awareness, socioeconomic status, liberation, reintegration of survivors, judicial enforcement and organizational capacity indicators from 19 local partner organizations in Brazil, Nepal, India, Ghana, Haiti, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.  Revised indicators, data collection tools and capacity building assistance have been recommended from this evaluation that will scale up the impact of this work.  Implementing meaningful indicators in programs with varying contexts, from bonded labor in India to child domestic servitude in Haiti requires intensive ongoing technical assistance to move from merely counting outputs to using the results to reduce slavery.

Abstract 4 Title: Social Mapping For Action: A Case Study of Community Mapping to End Child Slavery in Ghana
Presentation Abstract 4:

Free the Slaves works with grassroots partners to end slavery and human trafficking at a community level. Social mapping - the process by which community members draw their own neighbourhoods and identify known and potential homes affected by slavery - serves both the evaluator and the field staff taking action.  The authors will describe how we use this tool and what we learn from it to support community entry, to understand the local context of slavery, to identify instances of slavery, to find the baseline for the prevalence of slavery, and then, when repeated at endline in the same communities, to find changes in the instances and prevalence of slavery. We will use our ongoing program in Ghana as an example. Growing up Free focuses on child slavery in the fishing industry and is funded under an international compact between the US and Ghanaian government.

Abstract 5 Title: Counting victims of slavery, lessons from the ground up
Presentation Abstract 5:

Measuring the prevalence of modern slavery continues to be a priority topic among funders, implementers and academics. However, it’s easier said than done and actual studies have been few and far between, especially research using data gathered directly from most affected communities around the world.

Six prevalence studies later, the Freedom Fund hopes to add to the nascent body of knowledge by sharing candid reflections from our own experience. We will discuss both methodological and practical challenges with conducting prevalence research, as well as highlight promising approaches and resources that could be harnessed by others in the anti-slavery movement.

Theme: Learning What Works and Why
Audience Level: All Audiences

Session Abstract (150 words): 

Trafficking in persons, both for sexual and labour exploitation, has peaked the ears of many donors, non-governmental organizations, and humanitarians worldwide. However, unlike other development fields, the evidence base for promising practices around design, programming models, monitoring, research, and evaluation is still being developed, with many gaps to fill. This panel will outline some of the M&E learnings and related tools from professionals working to combat the global problem of human trafficking and slavery. Panelists will discuss evaluations of program models in various country contexts; reflective lessons from conducting baseline assessments and prevalence studies; and tools for measuring survivor outcomes, effective program design and evaluation at the national level, and utilizing community knowledge for data collection and program monitoring. The discussant will focus on a key theme emerging from each experience: overcoming the unique challenges of developing relevant M&E practices for anti-slavery work, specifically, particular indicators which show meaningful change.

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