Evaluation 2017: From Learning to Action

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Needs Assessments: Meeting Today's Organizational and International Challenges

Session Number: NA1
Track: Needs Assessment
Session Type: TIG Multipaper
Session Chair: Lisle Hites [Associate Professor - UAB SOPH]
Presenter 1: Joseph Fredrick Thomas, MEAL Manager [Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability, and Learning Manager - World Vision International - Syria response, Kurdistan Region of Iraq]
Presenter 2: Bill W Thornton [Associate Professor - University of Nevada, Reno]
Presenter 3: Marc J Cunningham [GIS/M&E Advisor - John Snow, Inc.]
Presentation 1 Additional Author: Jamo Huddle [Director Humanitarian Accountability and Design, Monitoring and Evaluation - Jamo Huddle]
Presentation 1 Additional Author: Pamela Sitko, Urban Technical Advisor [Urban Technical Advisor - World Vision International (KRI)]
Presentation 2 Additional Author: Jacque Marie Ewing-Taylor, Ph.D. [Research Professor, STEM Education & Evaluation - University of Nevada, Reno]
Presentation 2 Additional Author: Janet Usinger [Associate Professor - University of Nevada, Reno]
Presentation 3 Additional Author: Soumya Alva [Senior Evaluation Advisor - John Snow, Inc.]
Presentation 3 Additional Author: Nicole Davis [Research, Monitoring, & Evaluation Officer - JSI Research & Training Institute, Inc.]
Time: Nov 10, 2017 (11:00 AM - 11:45 AM)
Room: Roosevelt 4

Presentation Abstract 1: Background: Since 2014 the conflict in Iraq has affected approximately 10 million people and resulted in more than 3.3 million internally displaced people (IDPs). Conventional multi –sectoral assessments are insufficient to understand needs and perceptions in such a dynamic and volatile situation.  World Vision has used the Wholistic World View Analysis (WWVA) 1, a participatory assessment tool to identify emerging perceptions of the affected populations over 2015 and 2016   The results provided by the tool highlighted the recurrence of underlying issues over two years, which were categorized as 1) Physiological (lack affordable health care and inadequate civic amenities. 2) Psychological (boredom, helpless and fear of uncertainty) 3) Socio-economics – School dropout and child labour, unemployment and unfairness in aid distribution.  Vulnerability (V) against capacity (C) ratios increased from [C 1: V 1.8] in 2015 to [C 1: V 3.1] in 2016, clearly indicating the growing dependency on the external agencies by the IDP population. Findings assisted World Vision to self-assess against global core humanitarian standards and ‘Do No Harm’ and update donors about the change in context. 1For more on the WWVA approach refer to: https://www.unicef.org/rosa/ROSA_Evaluation_Journal     
Presentation 1 Other Authors: Muhammad Koxi, World Vision International, Kurdistan Region of Iraq, Monitoring, and Evaluation Coordinator ; Randa Azad, World Vision International, Kurdistan Region of Iraq, Accountability Coordinator ; Namir Jibrail, World Vision International, Kurdistan Region of Iraq, MEAL Officer ;
Abstract 2 Title: Needs Assessment and Organizational Learning: Symbiotic Functions
Presentation Abstract 2: Organization leaders are continuing to experience addition pressures related to accountability, change, and effective programs. Needs assessments and program evaluations can be essential tools to help leaders address these challenges. Organizational learning is necessary for continuous progress; however, many leaders of the organization, especially smaller organizations, lack the time, knowledge, and background to conduct needs assessments and program evaluations. The development of a needs assessment and organizational learning can be symbiotic functions.  This paper will analyze how needs assessments and related program evaluation functions can stimulate organizational learning.
Abstract 3 Title: Post Ebola Health Reconstruction in Sierra Leone – Using a Needs Assessment to Design a Program
Presentation Abstract 3: Sierra Leone was deeply impacted by the 2014-2015 Ebola virus disease epidemic, which highlighted critical gaps in the health system, including lack of infrastructure, trained health facility personnel, and necessary medical equipment. Results from a rapid baseline assessment (early 2016) in 5 districts in Sierra Leone covering 268 community level health facilities to inform a $15 million USAID funded post-EVD health reconstruction project showed that i) over 50% of facilities were in poor physical condition, ii) about 50% had a fully functioning facility management committee guiding community and facility interactions with the government, iii) over 50% of staff lacked recent training in key maternal and child health topics iv) no facilities surveyed had a fully functioning delivery kit. This paper highlights the assessment process, the findings and their use to plan activities to enhance community level health service provision covering facility renovation and increasing medical equipment, staff training, community engagement.  
Theme: Select one
Audience Level: None

Session Abstract (150 words):  Needs Assessments: Meeting Today's Organizational and International Challenges

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